Each entry starts with a simple explanation and basic examples before moving to reallife, entertaining examples. The infinitive an infinitive is a verb form that can be used as a noun, an adjective, or an adverb. With a very easy explanation and some fun activities and games, students can learn to use infinitives with no trouble. Oliver is upset, so daisy and alfie decide to cheer him up. An infinitive act as an adjective if it modifies or describes a noun in a sentence. Unlike a normal noun, a gerund maintains some verblike properties for example, a gerund can take a direct object and be modified with an adverb. A split infinitive is a grammatical construction in which a word or phrase comes. Craig shrives draws on his years compiling grammar monster and as an army officer to present a comprehensive but lighthearted and easily digestible grammar reference guide. The verbs which express a state of being are the ones which take a little practice to spot, but, actually, they are the most common. Learn when you use the infinitive and when to use the gerund ing form after certain verbs in english. The infinitive form of a verb is usually preceded by to e. Understanding the use of infinitives english grammar. The infinitive form of a verb is the form which follows to. They describe the result of something that might happen in the present or future or might have happened but didnt in the past.
This page has the definition of a finite verb, lots of examples, and an interactive test. An infinitive phrase is the infinitive form of a verb plus any complements and modifiers. A gerund is a verb in its ing present participle form that functions as a noun that names an activity rather than a person or thing. The infinitive usually takes the preposition to with it. Infinitive comes from the latin word infinitus meaning endless. A finite verb is a verb that has a subject and shows tense. Finite verbs are not gerunds, infinitives, or participles, which are classified as nonfinite verbs. A gerund is a verbal, which is a nonverb created from a verb. Your students may get confused when a grammar lesson is about infinitives. Learn the following groups of verbs to be able to speak and write english with more confidence. Note 3 the label is a shorthand formula for those situations in which the object or complement of a verb is. Heres a discussion of the five types of infinitives.
Grammarquizzes verb phrases verb complements infinitives. Grammar can often be very difficult to teach and just as difficult to learn but has 11,239 printable grammar worksheets in different categories. Infinitive in english explanations along with tests and exercises online to practise using infinitive and gerund in english. Download the complete list in pdf here see this page for verbs which change their meaning when followed by the gerund or the infinitive. Conditional sentences are sometimes confusing for learners of english as a second language. See this page for verbs which change their meaning when followed by the gerund or the infinitive. Here are some examples of infinitive verbs as nouns. Oliver, daisy and alfie are at oliver and daisys home. The verb root is the same as the infinitive form but without the to. Learn english with lets talk free english lessons 1,521,825 views 8. Infinitive used as a noun to win was the tennis players goal. It explains some verbs that are followed by gerund, the ones that are followed by infinitive and those that accpet both. It is called an infinitive because it does not express any finite, specific tense, such as the past perfect or.
Theres a glossary of grammatical terms and a full list of common grammar errors. Download grammarlys app to help with eliminating grammar errors and finding. An infinitive is a phrase, consisting of the word to and the basic form of a verb, that functions as a noun, an adjective, or an adverb. Grammar monster free english grammar lessons and tests. I am not able to understand the purposemeaning of this structure. In other words, it is the version of the verb that appears in the dictionary. Bbc world service learning english grammar challenge. Unlike a normal noun, a gerund maintains some verblike properties for example. After the following phrases we use the infinitive with to in english. Gerunds and infinitives with verbs perfect english grammar. Home english grammar exercises gerunds infinitives exercises gerund vs infinitive worksheet 5 print exercises and lessons. If you wanted to write the infinitive form of the verb be, you would write to be, where. Controversy rages over whether you may split an infinitive by putting other words between the to and the infinitive verb. An infinitive is a verb form often preceded by to that can function as a noun.
In english grammar, an infinitive is the base form of a verb that can function as a noun, adjective, or adverb. Defining a rule for the use of infinitive and gerund. From grammar and spelling to style and tone, grammarly helps you eliminate errors and find the perfect words to express yourself. A collection of english esl gerunds and infinitives powerpoints for home learning, online practice, distance learning and english classes to teach about. We will miss having paige as a contributor to the grammar team. In these examples, the infinitive phrases are underlined, the infinitives are shaded. Present perfect continuous tense vs past perfect continuous tense english grammar lesson duration. Finite verbs are not gerunds, infinitives, or participles, which are classified as. Download grammarlys app to help with eliminating grammar errors and finding the right words. As with many linguistic concepts, there is not a single definition. Download grammarlys app to help with eliminating grammar errors and finding the right. Buy our book smashing grammar 2019 written by the founder of grammar monster, smashing grammar includes a glossary of grammar essentials from apostrophes to zeugma and a chapter on easily confused words from affecteffect to whetherif.
Here are some more examples of gerunds functioning as subjects, objects, objects of. Infinitive verbs are an important part of grammar and the english language, and this quiz and worksheet combo will help test your understanding of this topic. Everyone can be a great writer grammarly allows me to get those. An infinitive is a phrase consisting of to plus the uninflected form of a verb. Infinitive abbreviated inf is a linguistics term referring to certain verb forms existing in many languages, most often used as nonfinite verbs. In todays challenge, ehsan from iran hears clips from a childrens party and tells us. The infinitive form when a verb is preceded by the word to, it is said to be in its infinitive form. An infinitive phrase functions as a noun, adjective, or adverb in a sentence.
Infinitive meaning in the cambridge english dictionary. Infinitive with or without to the toinfinitive is used. This pages has lots of examples of infinitive phrases and an interactive test. It may be preceded by to the toinfinitive or stand alone the base or zero infinitive 2. Download grammarlys app to help with eliminating grammar errors and. The toinfinitive is used frequently with the adverbs too and enough to express the reasoning behind our satisfaction or insatisfaction. An adjective is a word that describes more information about a noun. Infinitive used as an adjective the book to read for information is at the library. Download a free grammar checker download grammarlys app to help with eliminating grammar errors and finding the right words.1262 46 1366 121 1469 623 1047 758 1485 785 643 763 531 481 674 1121 1333 382 1015 887 1365 1225 1061 1081 864 6 545 750 536 281 1052 1066 1490 1284